POSSESSIVE – OTNING EGALIK SHAKLI 7- dars

Bir narsani boshqa kishiga yoki narsaga tegishliligini ko’rsatish uchun possessive shaklidan foydalanamiz.
Uning ikki shakli mavjud:

  • Apostrophe + s (‘s)
    ‘s asosan kishilar, mamlakatlar va xayvonlar uchun ishlatamiz:

  • A man’s book, Russia’s export, bull’s horn.

  • s bilan tugamaydigan ko’plikdagi otlarni egalik shaklini yasash uchun ‘s qo’shamiz:
  • Children’s room, fish’s mouth.

  • Ko’plik shakli s bilan tugagan otlarni egalik shaklini yasash uchun ‘ (apostrophe)ni o’zini qo’shamiz:

  • The girls’ school, eagles’ nest, the Smiths’ house.

  • s bilan tugovchi birlikdagi otlarni egalik shaklini yasash uchun ‘s yokini o’zini qo’shsa bo’ladi:

  • James’s house, James’ house.

  • Bir nechta so’zlardan tashkil topgan nounning egalik shaklini yasash uchun oxirgi so’zga ‘s qo’shamiz:

MY BROTHER–IN–LAW’S CAR. THE PRINCE OF ENGLAND’S ORDER.


Qisqartirma otlarni egalik shaklini yasash uchun oxirgi xarfdan keyin ‘s qo’yiladi:

  • VIP’s jobs.
  • MP’s briefcase.

  • Exception rule!

  • Kema va qayiqlarni egalik shaklini yasash uchun ‘s shaklidan foydalansa bo’ladi:
  • The ship’s captain.
  • The yacht’s mast.

  • Time expression larda ham ‘s dan foydalansa bo’ladi:
  • A week’s holiday.
  • In two-year’s time.
  • Today’s paper.

  • Qassobxona, turli xil do’konlar, dorixonalar va shu kabi so’zlarda ‘s dan foydalanilsa so’zning ikkinchi
    qismini ishlatmasa xam bo’ladi:

  • The butcher’s, baker’s, chemist’s, etc,… = the butcher’s shop, the baker’s shop, chemist’s shop.
  • I’ll buy it from chemist’s shop = I’ll buy it from chemist’s.
  • I should go to the dentist’s office = I should go to the dentist’s.
    Doctor’s, dentist’s, house agent’s =‘s office.
    Name of people +‘s = …‘s house.
  • I had breakfast at Bill’s house.
  • I had breakfast at Bill’s.

  • Bir so’zni ikki marta qaytarmaslik uchun uni tushirib qoldirish mumkin:
  • Mary’s hair is black but Ann’s is brown.
  • 2. of – preposition
    Bu strukturani asosan jonsiz narsalar uchun ishlatiladi. Of uzbek tilida “ning” ma’nosida keladi.
  • The roof of church – cherkovning tomi.
  • The wall of room – xonaning devori.

  • Agar egalik qiluvchi phrase (ibora) yoki clause (murakkab so’z shakli) bo’lib kelsa, of strukturasidan
    foydalaniladi:
  • I took the advice of the couple I met on the train.
  • I took a hat of the man who was speaking in the hall.

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