Ingliz tilida OT so’z turkumi THE NOUN 3-dars

  1. Shaxs yoki buyumni ifodalovchi who? kim? va what? nima? so‘-
    rog‘iga javob bo‘luvchi so‘zlar turkumi ot deyiladi: a man, an engineer, a
    house.
  2. Otlar oldidan odatda artikl va predlog keladi. Ular otlarning asosiy
    belgisidir: a table, the table, on the table.
  3. Otlar birlik va ko‘plikda kelishi mumkin: a table — tables,
    a book — books.
  4. Otlarda ikkita – bosh va qaratqich kelishigi bor: worker — wor-ker’s, father — father’s.
  5. Otlar gapda quyidagi vazifalarda keladi:
    a) ega vazifasida:
    The train leaves at 6 o’clock.
    b) kesim tarkibida:
    He is a teacher.
    c) to‘ldiruvchi vazifasida:
    I have received a telegram.
    We have sent the buyers a letter.
    I will speak to the manager.
    d) aniqlovchi vazifasida:
    This is the manager’s room.
    e) hol vazifasida:
    There is a hospital in the village.

U turt guruxdan tashkil topgan:

  1. Common noun – bunga odamlar, joylar, narsalar va xayvonlar kiradi. man, door, corner, dog.
  2. Proper noun – bunga konkret atamalar kiradi. John, France, Santa Claus, New Year.
  3. Abstract noun – bunga ko’z bilan ko’rib qo’l bilan ushlab bo’lmaydigan mavxum otlar kiradi. Beauty,
    courage, friendship.
  4. Collective noun – bunga bir nechta yoki bir gurux odamlar, xayvonlar va narsalarni anglatuvchi
    otlar kiradi. Family, crowd.

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1 Response

  1. Aziza Nurmukhamedova says:

    Qoyil juda zo’r shuni qidiryotgandim

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